Causes and Risk Factors of Gonorrhea
Gonorrhea is a popular sexually transmitted disease that is affected by
Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria. A lot of people face the risk of having this disease.
According to research, thousands of cases of Gonorrhea have been reported over the years, which makes it one of the most popular diseases in the world.
The most-reported rates of this gonorrhea infection are found among young adults and teenagers.
As a young adult, you need to learn about the causes of Gonorrhea, the risk factors, and how to prevent it.
It is important to learn as much as possible about the causes, risk factors, and ways to defend yourself against the infection.
Risk Factors of Gonorrhea
In this segment, we want to emphasize the risk factors that partake in the possibility of developing the disease. And the best steps to take to lower the risk.
When you have unprotected oral, anal, or vigina sex with an infected person. There are chances of getting infected as well. If your condoms tears while you are having sex with the infected person, You will also be infected.
Gonorrhea is derived from sex; as a male partner, you don’t need to ejaculate before you pass the affection to someone else if the disease goes through an opening in the body like the vagina, mouth, or anus. The chances of getting it are high.
If you were once diagnosed with the disease;if the doctors prescribed a few drugs to cure the infection. There is a possibility of having it for the second time. And that’s if you have sex with an infected partner; that’s why we advise you to use a condom.
To reduce the risk of getting infected or passing the disease to someone else, you need to go through the following test schedule below by CDC.
- ● If you are a sexually active man, you need to go for checkups once or twice a year, especially if you have sex frequently.
- ● You need to go for a checkup every year if you are a young, sexually active woman. Mostly if you are in your early 20,s
If you are a lady and you are in your late 20,s or 30,s. It would be best if you also go for a checkup every year. The risk factor here is when you are in a relationship with a couple of men, Or your partner is suffering from STI.
If you are a pregnant woman suffering from Gonorrhea, there are chances of going through a negative effect in your pregnancy, or the infection can be transmitted to your child. The effect might affect your baby’s rectum, lungs, and eyes.
Jeopardized Immune System.
If you are already suffering from other diseases like hiv|AIDs, there are chances of developing the disease and passing it to others.
How Gonorrhea doesn’t spread
This disease can only be transmitted to others through the body. It can’t be contacted through toilet seats, clothes, and the affected person who has worn them. Or bed sheets.
Factors That Reduces the Risk
Gonorrhea has a couple of risk factors that can be handled with your behavior and normal daily habit.
If you are scared of getting affected, you need to avoid sex; but this could be a difficult task. No one can ever abstain from sex. That is not practical for every human being; in that case, you need to get yourself protected. The only way to get yourself protected is when you use a condom.
Interact with your partner
maintaining open communication with your sexual partners about whether or not they’ve been tested for Gonorrhea can help you protect yourself. If you find it hard to bring up the discussion in private
Symptoms of Gonorrhea
There is a possibility of not noticing that you’ve been infected. But one thing you need to know about gonorrhea is that anyone can be infected.
There are chances of transmitting it to your partner, probably because you were unaware you’ve been infected or didn’t feel the symptoms.
According to research, You feel the symptoms mostly in the morning.
Ladies with vaginas usually don’t feel the symptoms. The symptoms occur at any time of the day; sometimes, a few weeks after you’ve been exposed before you feel the symptoms.
The symptoms of Gonorrhea are not so tough compared to other diseases. The symptoms are comparable with vaginal yeast and other diseases.
The symptoms include;
Pain while urinating
Creamy or watery vagianal discharge Pain during sex
It makes you urinate more often
You develop a painful bowel movement pain in your abdomen
As a guy, the symptoms occur after 2 to 30 days. In other words, it takes a couple of weeks before the symptoms occur. There is a possibility of not experiencing the symptoms at all.
As a guy, the first symptom you will feel might be pain while urinating. Other symptoms might be ;
- ● A drip from your penis( it might be whitish, or yellowish, sometimes greenish or beige)
- ● Severe pain in your penis or swelling.
- ● Rectal bleeding
- ● You can develop pain when you have a bowel movement.
- ● Your anus will itch you continuously
- ● Swollen pennis
- ● Pennis declaration Other symptoms
- ● Gonorrhea affects your throat and also the mouth.
- ● Oral symptoms include;
- ● Redness and inflammation in your throat
- ● A severe sore throat
- ● Your lymph nodes in your neck might swell up
Tests for Gonorrhea
Gonorrhea can be diagnosed in a various ways
Testing a variety of fluids;
Healthcare professionals will examine a few things in your penis, throat, rectum, and vagina to get several fluids for testing. Tests like this can take several days, known as laboratory cultures.
Constant urine test
Testing your urine often will help you detect the disease quickly.
A blood test can also be used in detecting Gonorrhea, but it might not be conclusive compared to other tests.